Mother Goddesses are for fertility, abundance of all kinds, female power and all rituals for women.
Astarte is the supreme female divinity of the Phoenicians, goddess of love and fertility, associated
with the Moon and all nature.
Invoke her for power and wisdom, seduction and passion as well as fertility.
Cerridwen is the Welsh Mother Goddess, the keeper of the cauldron and goddess of inspiration,
knowledge and wisdom. She is a natural focus for rituals involving all creative ventures and for
increased spiritual and psychic awareness. Invoke her for divination and especially scrying and for all
rituals of increase.
Ceres is the Roman goddess of the grain and all food plants. Her daughter Proserpina was taken into
the Underworld for three months of the year by Pluto, causing Ceres to mourn and the crops to die.
This was the origin of winter.
Through this, she is seen as goddess of fertility and abundance, as well as a deity of the natural cycles
of the year. She represents loss and is a focus for rites concerning grief and mourning, with the hope
of new joy ahead for women and especially for mothers. Her Greek counterpart is Demeter.
Demeter, the Greek Corn Goddess or Barley Mother, was the archetypal symbol of the fertility of the
land. Demeter is often pictured as rosy-cheeked, carrying a hoe or sickle and surrounded by baskets of
apples, sheaves of corn, garlands of flowers and grapes.
Like Ceres, she mourns for her lost daughter Persephone for three months of the year and so is
another icon for those who are feeling sorrow or loss and for maternal sacrifice. But she can be
invoked for all matters of abundance, for reaping the benefits of earlier work or effort, for all
mothering rituals and as a protectress of animals.
Innana was a Sumerian goddess, known as the Queen of Heaven, who evolved into the Babylonian
goddess Ishtar. Innana was goddess of beauty, abundance, fertility and passion, famed for her
loveliness and her lapis lazuli necklaces. She was the first goddess of the morning and evening stars, a
legacy that has passed to Aphrodite and Venus.
Like many of the Mother Goddess icons, she descended into the Underworld annually to face and
overcome many trials, to bring back to life her shepherd god consort Dumuzi.
Ishtar, the Babylonian version of Innana, also descended into the Underworld each year to restore her
consort Tammuz to life. She was a fierce goddess of weapons and war. In Ancient Babylon, a sacred
marriage took place each year between Tammuz and Ishtar. This was celebrated at the festival of
Akitu, or Zag-Mug, which marked the rising of the waters of the Tigris and the Euphrates and the
coming of the spring rains, to bring fertility, at the spring equinox.
Like Innana, she is a goddess of fertility, restoration, renewal, birth and the life cycles; she also
represents power with responsibility and necessary sacrifice for future gain, but above all
The Egyptian goddess Isis is the most powerful and frequently invoked goddess in formal magick.
She is mother, healer and the faithful wife who annually restored her consort Osiris to life, thus
magically causing the Nile to flood and fertility to return to the land. She is the patroness of magick
and spell-casting, having tricked Ra the Sun God into giving her his secrets. Some accounts say she
was taught by Thoth, god of wisdom and learning.
Her cult spread throughout the Roman Empire and she remained in Mediterranean lands in her guise
as the Black Madonna, holding her infant son Horus, until the Middle Ages. She is sometimes
represented as a vulture, in which form she appears on amulets (protective charms) with an ankh, the
symbol for life, engraved on each talon. Isis demonstrated the power of maternal protection when she
hid Horus in the marshes from his evil uncle who would have destroyed him.
Categories: Paganism and Witchcraft